Trailers – A Heritage Discarded 電車奇葩 – 拖卡

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Trailer jam in old Hong Kong (Special thanks to John Prentice)

The first trailer was introduced in 1964, and was effectively the lower deck of a conventional tram (which eventually it became, as tram 163 in 1979).  

In total there were 22 single-deck trailers.  Twenty of the trailers were built from Metal Sections kits and were outwardly of ‘modern’ design.  Trailer 1 (see above) had been built by Taikoo Dockyard & Engineering, whilst the final trailer, 22, was very much ‘home made’ by HKT.  Trailer 22 was never particularly satisfactory and was the first to go, in 1978.

The trailers were hauled by a dedicated fleet of double-deck trams.  It had been intended that these trams would be re-equipped with more powerful motors, but this was not done and trailers were never allowed east of North Point.  Even on the flat track west of North Point the trailers impeded progress because their extra weight slowed down any convoy of trams of which they formed a part.  Latterly, the trailers were the last refuge of HKT’s conductors.  Their extra cost and contribution to poor performance led to a decision to withdraw the remaining twenty trailers in May 1982.  All had been broken up at Sharp Street depot by July 1982.

六十年代電車面對中巴的競爭,乘客人次減少,電車公司遂於1964年引入拖卡。

拖卡為單層設計,只有一個供上落的車門,共22部,由指定的載客雙層電車拖行。其中1號和22號的車身跟其他的不同,1號外表跟當時的電車一樣,而22號拖卡的車身較短(26呎),兩車分別由太古船塢和電車公司製造。

可是由於噪音及拖慢電車服務的問題未能解決,拖卡在1982年5月全數退役。

HKT 62: degahk Photo (7-NOV-1981, Bank Street/Central)

Trailer-hauler 62 in normal service, showing its modified rear lifeguard and hose connections for brakes and lights.

62號電車沒有拖著拖卡,可以見到車尾改良的救生網閘並繫以繩索。

T7: degahk Photo (MAY-1980, Statue Square/Central)

In this picture trailer-hauler 29 is hauling T7 westbound, showing the decorative livery on the trailer’s body and the roof.

29號電車拖著7號拖卡西行,拖卡的車身和車頂豎板都用作廣告宣傳。

HKT 79 &  T8: Lars F. Richter Photo (MAR-1971, King’s Road/Fortress Hill)

The diagonal stripes at the upper deck’s top right-corner and a (briefly applied) rectangular panel (above the headlamp) bearing the legend ’trailer at the back‘, indicated this tram was hauling a trailer.

拖行拖卡的電車,以車頭右上角的斜紋和車頭燈上方一塊寫上「後有拖車」的鐵牌作為識別。

 

T2: John Prentice Photo (c.1981, Bank Street/Central)

The appearance of trailers results in an increase in passenger flows and appeared in distinguishing feature with coloured livery. The front trailer-hauler which hauls T2 is believed to be no.160.

拖卡對增加乘客量起著促進作用,車身廣告也別具特色。前方拖著2號的電車相信是160號。

A close shot of trailer 11 on a rainy day, painted in jade green with individual advertisements.

11號拖卡髹上翡翠綠色車身,帶著車身廣告,在雨中行走。

Another (unidentified) jade-green trailer was being hauled by 161 when it was passing Admiralty en route to Wan Chai.

另一架翡翠綠色車身的拖卡,由161號拖行途經金鐘往灣仔。

HKT 161: Tom Jackson Photo (c.1979, Admiralty MTR)

Another trailer-hauling tram (125) pulls an unidentified trailer past the erstwhile Hilton Hotel.

另一架拖著拖卡的125號電車駛經前身的希爾頓酒店,可以見到車頭右角的斜紋。而由於拖行拖卡的電車上斜力度不足,拖卡服務只及北角。

The last of the trailers, awaiting their fate at Sharp Street. (T.V. Runnacles)

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